Tomato is an herbaceous annual grown for its edible fruit. The plant can be erect with short stems or vine-like with long, spreading stems.
Tomatoes are the major dietary source of the antioxidant lycopene. They are also a great source of vitamin C, potassium, folate and vitamin K. They are also beneficial for skin health, and may protect against sunburns.
Studies show that tomatoes and tomato products may reduce the risk of heart disease and several cancers.
The water content of tomatoes is around 95%. The other 5% consist mainly carbohydrates and fiber.
Though it is botanically a berry, a subset of fruit the tomato is a vegetable for culinary purposes because of its savory flavor. It is cooked in diverse ways, including raw in salads or in slices, stewed. Nonetheless, it is also incorporated into a wide variety of dishes, or processed into ketchup or tomato soup.
Tomatoes are in the top ten fruits and vegetables for containing levels of pesticide residue. Thus, always wash tomatoes before eating.